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Palacký University


The style of scientific work at the Faculty of Physical Culture has been influenced significantly by a research project that enabled the establishment of the Institute of Active Lifestyle. The Center for Kinanthropology Research is a part of the Institute –

The following research areas have been defined as priorities at the Faculty of Physical Culture for the period 2011–2015:

  • physical activity in the environmental context;
  • biomechanical aspects of human movement;
  • human movement in health and disease;
  • motor control and learning, human movement performance
  • phenomena of the human body and movement in philosophical, socio-cultural and pedagogical discourse.

Research projects

Physical activity and inactivity of inhabitants of the Czech Republic in the context of behavioural changes

Period: 2005-2011; Identification code: MSM6198959221
Main objective: To analyze the situation, character, structure and the development trends of the physical activity and physical inactivity of inhabitants of the Czech Republic, to solve the PA and PI systematically with multilevel focus, and comprehensively in the international context.

IPEN: International Study of Built Environment, Physical Activity, and Obesity

Period: 2009–2013; provider: National Institutes of Health and National Cancer Institute (USA)
Main objective: To estimate the associations between the objective measurement of the built-up environment, using Geographic Information Systems, and the objective measurement of PA in the adult population, using accelerometers, compared to the subjective evaluation of the PA and environment, using questionnaires.

HBSC study (Health Behavior in School-aged Children: WHO Collaborative Cross-National study)

International research study on the health and lifestyle of school-aged children. The basic purpose of the study is to provide relevant data about children aged 11–15 for political decision making at the multinational, national and regional levels. There are 43 countries involved in the study (n = 210,000).

Application of digital technologies for design, manufacturing and assessment of custom-made orthotic and prosthetic devices

Period: 2011–2013; Identification code: FR-TI3/388
Main objective: This project is focused on application of digital technologies for design, manufacturing and assessment of custom-made orthotic and prosthetic devices. The project involves modern design methods of custom-made orthoses and prostheses (3D digitizing, processing of CT/MRI data, computer modelling), manufacturing methods (NC machining, rapid prototyping) and clinical assessment (biomechanical methods – kinematic and dynamic analyses). Results of the project are represented by a verified documented process of the digital technology application in the special field of custom-made orthotics and prosthetics and functional samples manufactured by means of this technology.

Identification of the factors of progression of motor skills in adolescents with developmental coordination disorders

Period: 2011–2013; Identification code: GAP407/11/0946
Main objective: The objective of this project is to come up with new theoretical knowledge of the invariants of progression of motor skills in adolescents with developmental coordination disorders (DCD) and to identify the key psychological, psychosocial and behavioural factors that may limit their progression of motor skills.

Selected major results: Publications on the online Web of Science

  • Bauman et al. (2009). The international prevalence study on physical activity: Results from 20 countries. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 6(21).
  • Belohlavek, R., Sigmund, E., & Zacpal, J. (2011). Evaluation of IPAQ questionnaires supported by formal concept analysis. Information Sciences, 181(10), 1774–1786.
  • Botek, M., Stejskal, P., Krejčí, J., Jakubec, A., & Gába, A. (2010). Vagal Threshold Determination. Effect of Age and Gender. International Journal of Sports Medicine, 31(11), 768–772.
  • Frömel, K., Mitas, J., & Kerr, J. (2009). The associations between active lifestyle, the size of a community and SES of the adult population in the Czech Republic. Health & Place, 15(2), 447–454.
  • Groffik, D., Sigmund, E., Frömel, K., Chmelík, F., & Nováková Lokvencová, P. (2012). The contribution of school breaks to the all-day physical activity of 9 – and 10-year-old overweight and non-overweight children. International Journal of Public Health, 57(4), 711-718.
  • Hlavačková, P., Fristios, J., Cuisinier, R., Pinsault, N., Janura, M., & Vuillerme, N. (2009). Effects of mirror feedback on upright stance control in elderly transfemoral amputees. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 90(11), 1960–1963.
  • Janura, M., Peham, Ch., Dvořáková, T., & Elfmark, M. (2009). An assessment of pressure distribution exerted by a rider on the back of a horse during hippotherapy. Human Movement Science, 28(3), 387–393.
  • Kurková, P., Válková, H., & Scheetz, N. (2011). Factors impacting participation of European elite deaf athletes in sport. Journal of Sports Sciences, 29(6), 607–618.
  • Sigmund, E., Sigmundová, D., & El Ansari, W. (2009). Changes in physical activity in pre-schoolers and first-grade children: Longitudinal study in the Czech Republic. Child: Care, Health and Development, 35(3), 376–382.
  • Sigmundová, D., El Ansari, W., Sigmund, E., & Frömel, K. (2011). Secular trends: A ten-year comparison of the amount and type of physical activity and inactivity of random samples of adolescents in the Czech Republic. BMC Public Health, 11(1), 731–731.


  • Opavský, J. (2011). Bolest v ambulantní praxi: Od diagnózy k léčbě častých bolestivých stavů [Pain in outpatient work: From diagnosis to treatment of frequent painful states]. Prague: Maxdorf. – The author received the Certificate of Merit issued by the PU rector for the monograph.
  • Sigmund, E., & Sigmundová, D. (2011). Pohybová aktivita pro podporu zdraví dětí a mládeže [Physical activity for support of healthy children and youths]. Olomouc: Univerzita Palackého v Olomouci.

Czech national report

  • Kalman, M., Sigmund, E., Sigmundová, D., Hamřík, Z., Beneš, L., Benešová, D., & Csémy, L. (2011). Národní zpráva o zdraví a životním stylu dětí a školáků na základě mezinárodního výzkumu uskutečněného v roce 2010 v rámci mezinárodního projektu “Health Behaviour in School-aged Children: WHO Collaborative Cross-National study (HBSC)”. Olomouc: Palacký University.

International reports

  • Currie, C., Zanotti, C., Morgan, A., Currie, D., Looze, M., Roberts, C.,… Barnekow, V. (2012). Social determinants of health and well-being among young people. Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) study: International report from the 2009/2010 survey; (Health Policy for Children and Adolescents, No. 6). Copenhagen: WHO Regional Office for Europe.


  • Křen, F., Chmelík, F., Frömel, K., Fical, P., Fical, J., Kudláček, M. & Mitáš, J. (2007).—online system [Computer software].
    Olomouc: Palacký University— 


  • Salinger, J., Stejskal, P., Gwozdziewicz, M., Štěpaník, P., & Gwozdziewiczová, S. (2009).
    ́ pro diagnostiku variability fyziologických funkcí organizmu [A Connector for Diagnosis of the Variability in Physiological Body Functions. Patent no. 300567—Czech Industrial Property Office]. Olomouc: Palacký University.

Certified Methodology

  • Dygrýn, J. (2010). Identifikace vhodných lokalit pro umístění rekreačních ploch v Olomouci [“Identification of suitable locations for establishing recreational spaces in Olomouc”, Certified Methodology]. Olomouc: Palacký University.

Scientific Publications:

  • Acta Universitatis Palackianae Olomucensis. Gymnica (ISSN 1212–1185; eISSN 1213–8312). The journal is in English and is indexed in the databases of SCOPUS, the Directory of Open Access Journals, EBSCO and Index Copernicus.
  • Tělesná kultura [Physical Culture] (ISSN 1211–6521; eISSN 1803–8360). The journal is in Czech and is indexed in the databases of EBSCO and the Directory of Open Access Journals.


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Last update: 17. 01. 2014, Daniel Agnew